Transgender Identity and Experiences of Violence Victimization, Substance Use, Suicide Risk, and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among High School Students — 19 States and Large Urban School Districts, 2017
From USA CDC
Transgender (trans) people face unique stressors, including the stress some trans people experience when their gender identity is not affirmed. Trans people also experience higher rates of discrimination and harassment than their cisgender counterparts and, as a result, experience poorer mental health outcomes. They are also at a greater risk for suicide as they are twice as likely to think about and attempt suicide than LGB people (Haas et al., 2011; McNeill et al., 2017; Irwin et al., 2014).
The purpose of this report is to summarize key research results from the Trans PULSE Project that may be
useful in discussions, debates or policy creation related to human rights in multiple jurisdictions. As Trans
PULSE results have been used by the Canadian Human Rights Commission,1 and are heavily cited in the Ontario
Human Rights Commission’s 2014 policy on gender identity and discrimination,2 we sought to create a
summary of research findings that have been of greatest interest with regard to human rights issues.
Studies show that the prevalence of suicide thoughts and attempts among transgender adults is significantly higher than that of the U.S. general population. Using data from the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey, this report examines key risk factors associated with suiciality among a sample of transgender people.
This research represents the largest survey of its kind in Europe, providing groundbreaking data on trans people’s mental health needs and experiences, explored in the context of daily life, social/support mechanisms and when accessing healthcare and mental health services. Central here was an exploration of how the process of transitioning (social and/or medical) impacts mental health and wellbeing. The research was unique in its exploration of both the positive and negative impact that being trans has on mental health and wellbeing.
The shocking death of one transgender teenager, Leelah Alcorn, sparked national mourning over the holidays. Spokesperson for the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation, Tiq Milan explains how it reveals a broader tragedy.
People who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered have benefitted from unparalleled social and legal progress in a remarkably short time span – TIME magazine called 2014 “The Transgender Tipping Point” – but people on the sexual orientation and gender identity spectrum still face many challenges. For transgendered individuals, rates and risk factors of addiction are considerably higher than those of their LGBT and straight peers, shedding light on the problems that still confront them.
•. Thirty-seven percent of transmen and women experienced at least one physical attack.
•. Physical victimizations averaged 3.97 (SD = 2.86).
•. Half of all physical attacks were attributed to gender identity or expression.
•. Being physically attacked is associated with suicidal ideation and behavior.
•. Individuals targeted on the basis gender have the highest risk for attempting suicide.